Can radiation for breast cancer cause cataracts


Cancer treatments, including radiation, chemotherapy, and hormone therapy can cause cataracts. However, in almost all cases, the benefit of the cancer treatment outweighs the risk of developing a cataract.Aug 8, 2022

Can radiation for breast cancer affect your eyes?

Eye changes from radiation therapy can be long-term But sometimes radiation can damage the retina and optic nerve, leading to vision loss. These side effects can first appear up to 18 months after treatment and are often permanent, Al-Zubidi says.

Can radiation therapy cause cataracts?

Radiation cataract causes partial opacity or cloudiness in the crystalline lens and results from damaged cells covering the posterior surface of the lens. Symptoms can appear as early as one or two years following high-dose exposure and many years after exposure to lower doses.

Can breast cancer cause a cataract?

Cataract may be present in patients presenting with carcinoma breast especially in elderly females. This is especially true for elderly post-menopausal females.

What are long term side effects of radiation for breast cancer?

Long-term side effectsBreast changes: The breasts may shrink or become more dense after radiation. … Brachial plexopathy: Radiation to the breast or chest wall can sometimes damage the nerves that run through the arm, wrist, and hand. … Lymphedema: Lymphedema is swelling of the arm, hand, or chest.

What kind of radiation causes cataracts?

Cataracts induced by ionizing radiation (e.g., X-rays and gamma rays) usually are observed in the posterior region of the lens, often in the form of a posterior subcapsular cataract. Increasing the dose of ionizing radiation causes increasing opacification of the lens, which appears after a decreasing latency period.

Is cataracts a long term effect of radiation?

LENS. The lens is the most radiosensitive structure of the eye and cataract is a well recognized long-term consequence of radiotherapy. The severity and latency of radiation cataract are inversely related to radiation dose.

What are the side effects of breast radiation therapy?

Side effects of radiotherapySkin reactions.Swelling of the breast.Pain in the breast or chest area.Hair loss in the armpit.Sore throat.Tiredness and fatigue.Lymphoedema.Change in breast shape, size and colour.More items…

Are cataracts related to cancer?

The present study suggests that patients with early-onset cataracts are at an increased risk of being diagnosed with cancer in subsequent years. Age-related cataracts usually occur in patients older than 60 years,(4) but some patients experience cataracts before the age of 55.

Can taking tamoxifen cause cataracts?

Findings: Standard-term and long-term users of tamoxifen more frequently reported developing cataracts than non-users (18.2%, 21.4% vs. 14.8%). The relative risk was 1.40 (95% confidence interval 0.94-2.10) for standard-term users and 1.70 (1.11-2.59) for long-term users.

When are you considered cancer free after breast cancer?

The cancer may come back to the same place as the original primary tumor or to another place in the body. If you remain in complete remission for five years or more, some doctors may say that you are cured, or cancer-free.

What type breast cancer has the highest recurrence rate?

Research suggests that estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer is more likely to come back more than five years after diagnosis.

Can radiation affect you years later?

Radiation to the brain can also have side effects that show up later – usually from 6 months to many years after treatment ends. These delayed effects can include serious problems such as memory loss, stroke-like symptoms, and poor brain function.

What is the most common acute side effect of radiation treatment?

Fatigue is the most common acute side effect of radiation therapy. It is believed to be caused by the large amount of energy that is used by the body to heal itself in response to radiation therapy. Most people begin to feel fatigued about 2 weeks after radiation treatments begin.

What causes cataract?

Most cataracts develop when aging or injury changes the tissue that makes up the eye’s lens. Proteins and fibers in the lens begin to break down, causing vision to become hazy or cloudy. Some inherited genetic disorders that cause other health problems can increase your risk of cataracts.

What is traumatic cataract?

Traumatic cataract is a clouding of the lens that may occur after either blunt or penetrating ocular trauma that disrupts the lens fibers. Most traumatic cataracts are intumescent, but their type and clinical course depend on trauma mechanism and the integrity of the capsular bag.

What is the average latent period for radiation induced cataracts?

Early studies on radiation-induced cataract among the atomic bomb survivors exposed to 1 Gy or more showed an approximate average latency period for development of lens opacities of 2–3 years, depending upon the dose to the eye (8, 10).

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