Can a male have breast cancer


Breast cancer is often thought of as something that only affects women, but men can get it in rare cases. It grows in the small amount of breast tissue men have behind their nipples. It usually happens in men over 60, but can very occasionally affect younger men.

What percent of males get breast cancer?

Men have less breast tissue than women and fewer than 1 percent of men develop breast cancer, so national cancer screening guidelines do not recommend regular screening mammograms for men. However, if a doctor suspects breast cancer, a diagnostic mammogram may be needed to look for malignant tumors.

How many men are diagnosed with breast cancer?

In the U.S., there are around 2,650 cases each year and approximately 1 in 830 men will get breast cancer in their lifetime. Since men are usually less familiar with its signs and symptoms—and because many are unaware that they can be affected by it—their breast cancer is often not diagnosed until it’s in a later, more advanced stage.

Is male breast cancer life threatening?

Sadly, the answer is yes—men can also develop breast cancer. Although breast cancer is far less common in men, it can be a life-threatening condition. No matter what sex you are, you should be aware of breast cancer signs and symptoms if they arise. I’m a Man.

What do you need to know about male breast cancer?

Breast cancer in men usually starts in a duct. You may feel uncomfortable about talking to your healthcare provider if you notice changes or problems in your breasts. It is important to have changes and problems checked. Breast cancer is less common in men than in women, but men can get breast cancer. Breast cancer found early is easier to treat.


Is male breast cancer serious?

Men diagnosed with male breast cancer at an early stage have a good chance for a cure. Treatment typically involves surgery to remove the breast tissue. Other treatments, such as chemotherapy and radiation therapy, may be recommended based on your particular situation.

Can guys get breast lumps?

Can men have breast lumps? Yes. Men can develop a condition called gynecomastia.

What does a male breast tumor feel like?

A lump that feels like a hard knot or a thickening in the breast or under the arm. Because men generally have small amounts of breast tissue, it is easier to feel a small lump. Any new irregularity on the skin or nipple, such as redness, scaliness, puckering, or a discharge from the nipple.

Why do men’s breasts hurt?

Breast pain in men can have a variety of causes, from muscle strains to a cyst. Some causes might require treatment but are usually harmless. Most causes of breast pain in men are due to problems in breast tissue. These problems are usually treatable, and some will go away on their own.

How do you tell if a lump is a cyst?

A cyst is a small sac filled with air, fluid, or other material….While most cysts and tumors can wait until your next appointment with your doctor, let them know immediately if you notice that the lump:bleeds or oozes.changes color.grows quickly.itches.ruptures.looks red or swollen.

What kind of lumps are normal in breasts?

Two of the most common causes of benign single breast lumps are cysts and fibroadenomas. In addition, several other conditions can present themselves as lumps, such as fat necrosis and sclerosing adenosis.

How can you tell if a lump is cancerous?

Bumps that are cancerous are typically large, hard, painless to the touch and appear spontaneously. The mass will grow in size steadily over the weeks and months. Cancerous lumps that can be felt from the outside of your body can appear in the breast, testicle, or neck, but also in the arms and legs.

What kind of breast lump should I worry about?

Lumps that feel harder or different from the rest of the breast (or the other breast) or that feel like a change are a concern and should be checked. This type of lump may be a sign of breast cancer or a benign breast condition (such as a cyst or fibroadenoma).

What is the most common breast disorder in men?

Gynecomastia. Gynecomastia is the most common male breast disorder. It is not a tumor but rather an increase in the amount of a man’s breast tissue. Usually, men have too little breast tissue to be felt or noticed.

How many male breast cancers are IDCs?

At least 8 out of 10 male breast cancers are IDCs (alone or mixed with other types of invasive or in situ breast cancer). Because the male breast is much smaller than the female breast, all male breast cancers start relatively close to the nipple, so they are more likely to spread to the nipple.

How does breast cancer spread?

How breast cancer spreads. Breast cancer can spread when the cancer cells get into the blood or lymph system and are carried to other parts of the body. The lymph system is a network of lymph (or lymphatic) vessels found throughout the body. The lymph vessels carry lymph fluid and connect lymph nodes.

What happens to breast tissue after puberty?

Even after puberty, boys and men normally have low levels of female hormones, and breast tissue doesn’t grow much. Men’s breast tissue has ducts, but only a few if any lobules.

Why do men have gynecomastia?

In rare cases, gynecomastia occurs because tumors or diseases of certain endocrine (hormone-producing) glands cause a man’s body to make more estrogen (the main female hormone). Men’s glands normally make some estrogen, but not enough to cause breast growth.

Where does ductal carcinoma start?

Invasive (or infiltrating) ductal carcinoma (IDC) starts in a milk duct of the breast, breaks through the wall of the duct, and grows into the fatty tissue of the breast. At this point, it may be able to spread (metastasize) to other parts of the body through the lymphatic system and bloodstream.

Where do breast cancers start?

Breast adenocarcinomas start in the ducts (the milk ducts) or the lobules (milk-producing glands). There are other, less common, types of breast cancers, too, such as sarcomas, phyllodes, Paget’s disease and angiosarcomas which start in the cells of the muscle, fat, or connective tissue.

How old do you have to be to get breast cancer?

Getting older. The risk for breast cancer increases with age. Most breast cancers are found after age 50.

What are the most common types of breast cancer?

The most common kinds of breast cancer in men are the same kinds in women—. Invasive ductal carcinoma. The cancer cells grow outside the ducts into other parts of the breast tissue. Invasive cancer cells can also spread, or metastasize, to other parts of the body. Invasive lobular carcinoma.

What is ductal carcinoma in situ?

Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) is a breast disease that may lead to invasive breast cancer. The cancer cells are only in the lining of the ducts, and have not spread to other tissues in the breast.

What are the conditions that affect the testicles?

Conditions that affect the testicles. Injury to, swelling in, or surgery to remove the testicles can increase breast cancer risk. Liver disease. Cirrhosis (scarring) of the liver can lower androgen levels and raise estrogen levels in men, increasing the risk of breast cancer. Overweight and obesity.

Is breast cancer higher in family history?

Family history of breast cancer. A man’s risk for breast cancer is higher if a close family member has had breast cancer.

Does obesity cause breast cancer?

Overweight and obesity. Older men who are overweight or have obesity have a higher risk of getting breast cancer than men at a normal weight.

Is breast cancer the same for men?

Treatment for breast cancer is the same in men as in women. It depends on how big the tumor is and how far it has spread. Treatment may include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, hormone therapy, and targeted therapy. For more information, see the National Cancer Institute’s Male Breast Cancer Treatment.

What are the risks of breast cancer in men?

What are other risks for male breast cancer? The risk of breast cancer may increase if a man has a history of one or more of the following: A first degree relative with breast cancer. A genetic mutation such as BRCA1 or BRCA2, PTEN and CHEK2.

What is the most common type of breast cancer?

Invasive ductal carcinoma: Cancer begins in the breast ducts and spreads to other parts of the breast. Cancer cells may also spread ( metastasize) to other areas of the body. Invasive (or infiltrating) ductal carcinoma is the most common type of breast cancer in people regardless of gender.

How do you classify breast cancer?

After diagnosing breast cancer, providers classify the disease using a process called staging. Providers measure the tumor and look at its location. They determine whether the tumor has spread to lymph nodes, surrounding breast tissue or other parts of your body. Lymph nodes are small organs that move fluid through the body and help protect you from illness.

How to find cancer cells in breast tissue?

To look for cancer cells in breast tissue, your provider may do a biopsy. Using a thin needle, your provider removes a sample of the breast tissue and sends it to a lab. The lab tests the tissue for cancer cells.

How big is a tumor in the armpit?

The tumor is smaller than 20 millimeters (mm) and has spread to a few axillary lymph nodes. Axillary nodes are lymph nodes in the armpit.

What is the best way to test for breast cancer?

Your provider may take a sample of your blood ( complete blood count or CBC and complete metabolic panel or CMP) and send it to a lab.

What are the treatments for breast cancer?

The same 4 treatments that are used in treating breast cancer in women – surgery, radiation, chemotherapy, and hormones – are also used to treat the disease in men. Mastectomy is the recommended surgery in men. Many breast cancers in men have hormone receptors, that is, they have specific sites on the cancer cells where specific hormones like …

What age do men get breast cancer?

Most breast cancers in men happen between ages 60 and 70. Other things that raise the odds for male breast cancer include: Breast cancer in a close female relative. History of radiation exposure of the chest. Enlarged breasts ( gynecomastia) because of drug or hormone treatments, some infections, or poisons.

Why is breast cancer diagnosed later in men?

This may be because men are less likely to be suspicious of something strange in that area.

Why do men need chemotherapy after breast surgery?

You may have chemotherapy after surgery to lower the risk of the cancer coming back. For men with advanced cancer or cancer that has spread to other parts of the body, chemotherapy may be the primary treatment. Hormone therapy. Some kinds of breast cancer need certain hormones to grow.

How do you know if you have breast cancer in men?

Symptoms. Symptoms of breast cancer in men are similar to those in women. Most male breast cancers are diagnosed when a man finds a lump on his chest. But men tend to delay going to the doctor until they have more severe symptoms, like bleeding from the nipple. By that point, the cancer may have spread.

What are the techniques used to diagnose breast cancer in women?

The same techniques that are used to diagnose breast cancer in women are used in men: physical exams, mammography, and biopsies (looking at small samples of tissue under a microscope).

What is the procedure to remove breast cancer?

Breast-conserving surgery — in which only the tumor is taken out — is sometimes done. Often, the surgeon also takes out one or more lymph nodes to see if the cancer has spread. Radiation therapy. You may have treatment with radioactive rays or particles after surgery.

Does Trastuzumab help with breast cancer?

It stops this protein from making cancer cells grow.

What is male breast cancer in men?

Like women, men have breast tissue (though they have less of it). Breast cancer occurs when cells in the breast tissue begin to grow and divide in an abnormal and uncontrolled manner. Over time, these cells can form tumors. Often, the tumors are benign, but sometimes, they are malignant, or cancerous. The cells that make up cancerous tumor can invade nearby tissues and may even migrate to—and form new tumors in—other parts of the body. The breast is made up of glandular, connective, and fatty tissues. The glandular tissues contain milk-producing glands called lobules and tube-like ducts that transport milk to the nipple. Cancer can develop in any of these tissues.

What does it mean when you have a male breast cancer diagnosis?

Just as with female breast cancer, a diagnosis of male breast cancer means that malignant (cancerous) cells have been found within breast tissues.

What are the risk factors for breast cancer for men?

Non-modifiable risk factors—those that a person cannot change—for breast cancer include:

How is breast cancer in men diagnosed?

Your doctor will begin to make a diagnosis by asking about your symptoms, whether you have taken or are currently taking certain medications associated with breast cancer, and whether you have any other known risk factors. A breast exam is also an important part of diagnosis. Your doctor will visually examine and feel your chest/breasts for signs of breast cancer.

What is a breast biopsy?

A breast biopsy is a procedure in which a small piece of tissue is removed and sent to a pathology lab, where it is evaluated to determine if it is malignant or benign. The four main kinds of breast biopsies are the core needle biopsy, excisional biopsy, fine need aspiration, and punch skin biopsy.

When is breast cancer most likely to occur in older men?

Male breast cancer can arise at any age but is more likely to occur in older men, between ages 60 and 70. A man’s risk for breast cancer increases if he has a family history of breast cancer or other genetic risk factors. Breast cancer is diagnosed and treated the same way for both men and women, and the survival rates are similar as well.

Can breast cancer be diagnosed in men?

Men may not realize that, for them too, any changes in the area of the breasts, including lumps felt on the chest or in the underarm area, could be a sign of breast cancer and should be immediately checked out by a doctor. Although breast cancer is far more prevalent in women—1 in 8 women will be diagnosed with breast cancer in their lifetime—about 1 in 800 men are also diagnosed with the disease. And since men are less familiar with signs and symptoms, the unfortunate truth is that their breast cancer is often not diagnosed until it’s in a later stage.

How many men have breast cancer?

Breast cancer affects about 1 in 800 men in their lifetime, compared with 1 in 8 women. Male breast cancer is uncommon, but early diagnosis is crucial. Any sign of breast cancer should be checked out by a doctor.

When does breast cancer increase in men?

Male breast cancer can develop at any age, but the risk increases after age 60. If you think you may be at high risk of developing breast cancer, speak with your doctor about what to look for and whether routine screening is a good idea for you.

Why does breast cancer start?

Cancer begins when abnormal cells grow and divide too rapidly. This can happen when there’s damage to DNA. Exactly why an individual develops breast cancer isn’t clear.

Is ductal carcinoma in situ pre-cancerous?

ductal carcinoma in situ, which is considered a pre-cancerous condition because cancer cells have not spread outside the duct

Can breast cancer be missed?

Because people assigned male at birth may not be as familiar with breast cancer symptoms, it can be easily missed in the early stages. Signs such as fatigue and unintentional weight loss may occur as the cancer spreads.

Does having one or more symptoms mean you have breast cancer?

Having one or more symptoms does not mean you have breast cancer. Symptoms of breast cancer can be similar to those of other conditions.

Is breast cancer more likely to be associated with a BRCA2 gene mutation?

Male breast cancer is more likely to be associated with a BRCA2 gene mutation.

What are the odds of getting breast cancer?

That’s also true if you inherited a gene change (called a mutation) like BRCA1 and BRCA2. Klinefelter syndrome, in which boys are born with an XXY chromosome instead of XY, raises your odds of getting male breast cancer 20 to 60 times.

What is the stage of breast cancer?

Breast cancer stages range from 0 to IV. Stage 0 means that the cancer hasn’t left the milk ducts. Stage IV means it’s spread to other parts of your body. This is also called metastatic cancer. Once you know your stage, your doctor can narrow down your treatment options. Swipe to advance.

How often do you have to see a doctor after cancer surgery?

After Treatment. You’ll have follow-up visits after surgery to make sure everything’s healing well. You’ll also get exams and tests every 3 to 6 months to see if the cancer has come back. If you stay cancer-free for 5 years or more, you may move to a yearly visit.

What does a breast exam look like?

During a breast exam, your doctor looks for visual changes and uses their fingers to feel for lumps. You may have an imaging test, like a mammogram or ultrasound, for an inside look. You may get a biopsy. In this procedure, the doctor uses a needle to remove tissue to check for cancer cells. Swipe to advance.

How to tell if you have a lump in your breast?

Spot the Symptoms. You might notice a lump or thick area in your breast tissue. You may also spot something different about your nipple, like redness, scales, or discharge. Swipe to advance. 1 / 15.

Why is lobular carcinoma so rare?

Lobular carcinoma, or cancer of the glands that make milk, is even more rare. This is because men have so few of those glands in their breast tissue. Other rare types are Paget’s disease of the nipple and inflammatory breast cancer, which makes your breast feel swollen and warm. Swipe to advance. 1 / 15.

Can you get breast cancer from radiation?

If your chest has been treated with radiation for another type of cancer, you have a greater chance of getting male breast cancer. Your odds also go up if you took estrogen for prostate cancer or have testicular issues like an undescended testicle, surgery to remove a testicle, or you’ve had mumps as an adult.


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